There are many essential important electronic components: resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, transistors, and operational amplifiers – are all naturally Analog. Circuits built with a mixture of only these components are generally analog.
Analog circuits can be precise, elegant design with various components with very simple. For example, two resistors joining to make a voltage divider. Generally, Analog circuits are much more complex to design compared to which complete the same task as digitally. It requires a special type of analog circuit wizard to analog design such as analog radio receiver, or an analog battery charger, but digital components through making those designs very simple.
Also, analog circuits are generally much more efficient to noise when small and undesired variations in voltage. If you can make small changes in the voltage level of an analog signal then produce significant errors when being managed.
A digital circuit is one kind of separate signals and operates using digital. These digital circuits are normally made of a mixture of logic gates, transistors at higher levels, microcontrollers or other computing chips. Most processors, regardless of whether they’re huge husky processors in your PC, or small little microcontrollers, work in the digital domain.
These circuits generally use a binary structure for digital signaling. These systems define two different voltages as two different logic levels – One is High Voltage (usually 5V, 3.3V, or 1.8V) indicates one value and second is low voltage (usually 0V) indicates the other.
Although, digital circuits are normally easier to design compared to analog design. They completely have a tendency to be more costly than a similarly tasked analog circuit.
Know about Analog and Digital Combined
It’s hardly seen the combination of analog and digital components in the circuit. While microcontrollers are generally digital beasts, they regularly have interior circuitry which allows them to interface with analog circuitry such as analog-to-digital converters, pulse-width modulation, and digital-to-analog converters.
An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) allows a microcontroller to connect to an analog sensor (like photocells or temperature sensors), to read in an analog voltage. The less common digital-to-analog converter allows a microcontroller to produce analog voltages, which is handy when it needs to make a sound.
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